Journal article

Taking the Time to Understand Time at the Bottom/Base of the Pyramid

Jennifer R Beckett, Danielle A Chmielewski, Krzysztof Dembek



This article examines the question: How do local organizations deal with competing temporal dynamics when building and implementing base/bottom of the pyramid (BoP) initiatives? Time has been neglected in the BoP literature to date, yet, addressing poverty in a developing country requires a complex perspective of time. An analysis of 21 semi-structured interviews with locally based organizations implementing BoP initiatives in the Philippines revealed that the organizations had an ambitemporal perspective. In particular, we discover that they harmonize multiple temporal pacers by making strategic decisions about the best mechanism of entrainment to utilize to move their community and any sta..

View full abstract


Awarded by Deutsche Gesellschaft fur Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH

Funding Acknowledgements

The authors disclosed receipt of the following financial support for the research, authorship, and/or publication of this article: This research was financed by grants from Deutsche Gesellschaft fur Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH (Grant Number 81,181,978) and from the Melbourne School of Government (Grant Number N/A).