Book Chapter

Global prevalence of Toxocara infection in dogs

Ali Rostami, Seyed Mohammad Riahi, Andreas Hofmann, Guangxu Ma, Tao Wang, Hamed Behniafar, Ali Taghipour, Yadolah Fakhri, Adel Spotin, Bill CH Chang, Calum NL Macpherson, Peter J Hotez, Robin B Gasser

ADVANCES IN PARASITOLOGY, VOL 109: TOXOCARA AND TOXOCARIASIS | Advances in Parasitology | ACADEMIC PRESS LTD-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD | Published : 2020

Abstract

Dogs serve as the most important definitive hosts for Toxocara canis—a causative agent of human toxocariasis and one of the most widespread zoonotic helminth worldwide. The present study was undertaken to assess the global prevalence of T. canis infection in dogs. PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, EMBASE and SciELO were searched to identify relevant studies. A random-effects model was used to estimate the overall and the subgroup-pooled prevalences across studies, and heterogeneity was assessed via the I2 test. The data were categorized according to WHO-region, different types of dogs, risk factors and environmental variables. From a total of 4370 peer-reviewed publications, 229 articles that ..

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Grants

Awarded by Health Research Institute at the Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, Iran


Funding Acknowledgements

This research was supported by Health Research Institute at the Babol University of Medical Sciences (IR.MUBABOL.HRI.REC.1398.129), Babol, Iran (A.R.). RBG's research program is presently supported through funds from the National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC) of Australia, the Australian Research Council (ARC), Yourgene Health, Melbourne Water Corporation and The University of Melbourne.