Calorie restriction activates new adult born olfactory-bulb neurones in a ghrelin-dependent manner but acyl-ghrelin does not enhance subventricular zone neurogenesis.
Michael Ratcliff, Daniel Rees, Scott McGrady, Luke Buntwal, Amanda KE Hornsby, Jaqueline Bayliss, Brianne A Kent, Timothy Bussey, Lisa Saksida, Amy L Beynon, Owain W Howell, Alwena H Morgan, Yuxiang Sun, Zane B Andrews, Timothy Wells, Jeffrey S Davies
J Neuroendocrinol | Wiley | Published : 2019
The ageing and degenerating brain show deficits in neural stem/progenitor cell (NSPC) plasticity that are accompanied by impairments in olfactory discrimination. Emerging evidence suggests that the gut hormone ghrelin plays an important role in protecting neurones, promoting synaptic plasticity and increasing hippocampal neurogenesis in the adult brain. In the present study, we investigated the role of ghrelin with respect to modulating adult subventricular zone (SVZ) NSPCs that give rise to new olfactory bulb (OB) neurones. We characterised the expression of the ghrelin receptor, growth hormone secretagogue receptor (GHSR), using an immunohistochemical approach in GHSR-eGFP reporter mice to..View full abstract