Latent tuberculosis in the general practice context.
Justin Denholm, Ann-Marie Baker, Mark Timlin
Aust J Gen Pract | Published : 2020
BACKGROUND: Latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI) is an asymptomatic condition that may progress to active tuberculosis (TB), sometimes decades after exposure. Most people with active TB in Australia have not had recent contact and have been unaware of their risk. Tests for LTBI are available, allowing for diagnosis and preventive therapy to avoid active disease. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this article is to review current approaches to the diagnosis and management of LTBI, with particular focus on the Australian general practice setting. Groups at elevated risk of having LTBI and progressing to active disease are outlined. Recent research into the prevalence and distribution of LTBI in Australia ..View full abstract