Co-occurrence of autistic and psychotic traits: implications for depression, self-harm and suicidality.
Katie N Sampson, Rachel Upthegrove, Ahmad Abu-Akel, Sayeed Haque, Stephen J Wood, Renate Reniers
Psychological Medicine | Published : 2020
BACKGROUND: There is increasing interest in the clinical and aetiological overlap between autism spectrum disorders and schizophrenia spectrum disorders, reported to co-occur at both diagnostic and trait levels. Individually, sub-clinical autistic and psychotic traits are associated with poor clinical outcomes, including increased depressive symptomatology, self-harming behaviour and suicidality. However, the implications when both traits co-occur remain poorly understood. The study aimed to (1) examine the relationship between autistic and psychotic traits and (2) determine if their co-occurrence increases depressive symptomatology, self-harm and suicidality. METHODS: Cross-sectional data f..View full abstract