Journal article

Crew Fatigue Safety Performance Indicators for Fatigue Risk Management Systems

Philippa H Gander, Jim Mangie, Margo J van den Berg, A Alexander T Smith, Hannah M Mulrine, T Leigh Signal

Aviation, Space, and Environmental Medicine | AEROSPACE MEDICAL ASSOC | Published : 2014

Abstract

INTRODUCTION:Implementation of Fatigue Risk Management Systems (FRMS) is gaining momentum; however, agreed safety performance indicators (SPIs) are lacking. This paper proposes an initial set of SPIs based on measures of crewmember sleep, performance, and subjective fatigue and sleepiness, together with methods for interpreting them. METHODS:Data were included from 133 landing crewmembers on 2 long-range and 3 ultra-long-range trips (4-person crews, 3 airlines, 220 flights). Studies had airline, labor, and regulatory support, and underwent independent ethical review. SPIs evaluated preflight and at top of descent (TOD) were: total sleep in the prior 24 h and time awake at duty start and at T..

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Grants

Funding Acknowledgements

The authors are indebted to the pilots who participated with outstanding professionalism and attention to the details of the study protocols. We gratefully acknowledge the following individuals and organizations for their permission to include data in these analyses: Dr. Jarnail Singh, the Civil Aviation Authority of Singapore and Singapore Airlines; Captain Wynand Serfontein and South African Airways; and Delta Air Lines. The project was funded by Delta Air Lines.