Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation During Adult Noncardiac Surgery and Perioperative Emergencies: A Narrative Review.
Theng Wai Foong, Kollengode Ramanathan, Kevin Kien Man Chan, Graeme MacLaren
Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia | Published : 2021
Over the last decade, the use of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) has increased significantly. In some centers, ECMO has been deployed to manage perioperative emergencies and plays a role in facilitating high-risk thoracic, airway, and trauma surgery, which may not be feasible without ECMO support. General anesthesiologists who usually manage these cases may not be familiar with the initiation and management of patients on ECMO. This review discusses the use of ECMO in the operating room for thoracic, airway, and trauma surgery, as well as obstetric and perioperative emergencies.