Journal article

Ethnic differences in barriers to symptomatic presentation in primary care: A survey of women in England.

Emily D Williams, Katriina L Whitaker, Marianne Piano, Laura AV Marlow

Psychooncology | Wiley | Published : 2019

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: The majority of cancers are diagnosed following a decision to access medical help for symptoms. People from ethnic minority backgrounds have longer patient intervals following identification of cancer symptoms. This study quantified ethnic differences in barriers to symptomatic presentation including culturally specific barriers. Correlates of barriers (eg, migration status, health literacy, and fatalism) were also explored. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey of 720 White British, Caribbean, African, Indian, Pakistani, and Bangladeshi women aged 30 to 60 (n = 120/group) was carried out in England. Barrier items were taken from the widely used cancer awareness measure; additional cu..

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