Journal article

Decoding Predictions and Violations of Object Position and Category in Time-resolved EEG

Christopher Whyte, Amanda Robinson, Tijl Grootswagers, Hinze Hogendoorn, Thomas Carlson

Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory | Published : 2020


Classic models of predictive coding propose that sensory systems use information retained from prior experience to predict current sensory input. Any mismatch between predicted and current input (prediction error) is then fed forward up the hierarchy leading to a revision of the prediction. We tested this hypothesis in the domain of object vision using a combination of multivariate pattern analysis and time-resolved electroencephalography. We presented participants with sequences of images that stepped around fixation in a predictable order. On the majority of presentations, the images conformed to a consistent pattern of position order and object category order, however, on a subset of pres..

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