Journal article

Cell-mediated and serology-based tests for Mycobacterium ulcerans disease: A systematic review and meta-analysis

Michael S Avumegah, Nilakshi T Waidyatillake, Wojtek P Michalski, Daniel P O'Brien, Tiffanie M Nelson, Eugene Athan

PLOS NEGLECTED TROPICAL DISEASES | PUBLIC LIBRARY SCIENCE | Published : 2020

Abstract

Buruli ulcer (BU) is a subcutaneous necrotic infection of the skin caused by Mycobacterium ulcerans. It is the third most common human mycobacterial disease after tuberculosis (TB) and leprosy. The available methods for detection of the bacilli in lesions are microscopic detection, isolation and cultivation of the bacterium, histopathology, and polymerase chain reaction (PCR). These methods, although approved by the World Health Organization (WHO), have infrastructural and resource challenges in medical centres and cell-mediated immunity (CMI) and/or serology-based tests have been suggested as easier and more appropriate for accurate assessment of the disease, especially in remote or underde..

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