Journal article

Methods for accounting for neighbourhood self-selection in physical activity and dietary behaviour research: a systematic review

Karen E Lamb, Lukar E Thornton, Tania L King, Kylie Ball, Simon R White, Rebecca Bentley, Neil T Coffee, Mark Daniel

International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity | BMC | Published : 2020

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Self-selection into residential neighbourhoods is a widely acknowledged, but under-studied problem in research investigating neighbourhood influences on physical activity and diet. Failure to handle neighbourhood self-selection can lead to biased estimates of the association between the neighbourhood environment and behaviour. This means that effects could be over- or under-estimated, both of which have implications for public health policies related to neighbourhood (re)design. Therefore, it is important that methods to deal with neighbourhood self-selection are identified and reviewed. The aim of this review was to assess how neighbourhood self-selection is conceived and accoun..

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Grants

Awarded by Australian Research Council


Awarded by Medical Research Council


Funding Acknowledgements

This work was supported by an Australian Research Council Discovery Project Grant [DP 170100751]. RB is supported by an Australian Research Council Future Fellowship [FT 150100131]. SRW was supported by the Medical Research Council (Unit Programme number U105292687). The other authors declare they have no actual or potential competing financial interests. These funding sources had no role in conceptualising, designing or conducting this study.