Journal article

Prevalence and causes of vision loss in sub-Saharan Africa in 2015: magnitude, temporal trends and projections

Kovin Naidoo, John H Kempen, Stephen Gichuhi, Tasanee Braithwaite, Robert J Casson, Maria Vittoria Cicinelli, Aditi Das, Seth R Flaxman, Jost B Jonas, Jill Elizabeth Keeffe, Janet Leasher, Hans Limburg, Konrad Pesudovs, Serge Resnikoff, Alexander J Silvester, Nina Tahhan, Hugh R Taylor, Tien Y Wong, Rupert RA Bourne

British Journal of Ophthalmology | BMJ PUBLISHING GROUP | Published : 2020

Abstract

BACKGROUND: This study aimed to assess the prevalence and causes of vision loss in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) in 2015, compared with prior years, and to estimate expected values for 2020. METHODS: A systematic review and meta-analysis assessed the prevalence of blindness (presenting distance visual acuity <3/60 in the better eye), moderate and severe vision impairment (MSVI; presenting distance visual acuity <6/18 but ≥3/60) and mild vision impairment (MVI; presenting distance visual acuity <6/12 and ≥6/18), and also near vision impairment (<N6 or N8 in the presence of ≥6/12 best-corrected distance visual acuity) in SSA for 1990, 2010, 2015 and 2020.In SSA, age-standardised prevalence of blind..

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Funding Acknowledgements

This study was funded by the Brien Holden Vision Institute. The results in this paper are prepared independently of the final estimates of the Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors study. JHK is supported by an institutional Research to Prevent Blindness Grant and Sight for Souls. The funders had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish or preparation of the manuscript.