An organizing region in metamorphosing hydrozoan planula larvae--stimulation of axis formation in both larval and in adult tissue.
Melanie Stumpf, Britta Will, Karola Wittig, Jennifer Kasper, Benjamin Fischer, Jurgen Schmich, Stefanie Seipp, Thomas Leitz
Int J Dev Biol | Published : 2010
A novel wingless gene was isolated from the marine colonial hydroid Hydractinia echinata. Alignments and Bayesian inference analysis clearly assign the gene to the Wnt5A group. In line with data found for the brachyury ortholog of Hydractinia, He-wnt5A is expressed during metamorphosis in the posterior tip of the spindle-shaped planula larva, suggesting that the tip functions as a putative organizer during metamorphosis. Additionally, the outermost cells of the posterior tip are omitted from apoptosis during metamorphosis. In order to investigate this putative organizer function, we transplanted the posterior tip of metamorphosing animals into non-induced larvae and into primary polyps 24 h ..View full abstract