Journal article

Testing the Interpersonal-Cognitive Model of Auditory Verbal Hallucinations in Youths with Either Early-Stage Borderline Personality Disorder or First-Episode Schizophrenia Spectrum Disorder

Marialuisa Cavelti, Katherine Thompson, Carol Hulbert, Jennifer Betts, Henry Jackson, Shona Francey, Louise McCutcheon, Andrew M Chanen

Psychopathology | KARGER | Published : 2020

Abstract

This is the first study to explore interpersonal schemata in outpatient youths (age 15-25 years) with early-stage borderline personality disorder (BPD) and auditory verbal hallucinations (AVH). It also aimed to replicate, in a transdiagnostic youth sample, the finding from studies of adults with AVH that negative beliefs about the self and others lead to negative appraisals of voices, which in turn elicits depression. The following 3 groups were compared: youth with BPD+AVH (n = 23), youth with schizophrenia spectrum disorder (SZ) with AVH (SZ+AVH, n = 20), and youths with BPD who did not experience AVH (BPD no AVH, n = 23). The BPD+AVH group reported more negative and fewer positive self sc..

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Grants

Awarded by Swiss National Science Foundation


Funding Acknowledgements

This work was supported by grants from the Swiss National Science Foundation (P2BSP1_165354), the Bangerter-Rhyner Foundation, and the Janggen-Pohn Foundation to M.C.