Journal article

Effects of psychoactive drugs on cellular bioenergetic pathways

Chiara C Bortolasci, Briana Spolding, Srisaiyini Kidnapillai, Mark F Richardson, Nina Vasilijevic, Sheree D Martin, Laura J Gray, Sean L McGee, Michael Berk, Ken Walder

WORLD JOURNAL OF BIOLOGICAL PSYCHIATRY | TAYLOR & FRANCIS LTD | Published : 2020

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: To investigate the actions of lithium, valproate, lamotrigine and quetiapine on bioenergetic pathways in cultured NT2-N neuronal-like cells and C8-B4 microglial cells. METHODS: NT2-N and C8-B4 cells were cultured and treated with lithium (2.5 mM), valproate (0.5 mM), quetiapine (0.05 mM) or lamotrigine (0.05 mM) for 24 hours. Gene expression and the mitochondrial bioenergetic profile were measured in both cell lines. RESULTS: In NT2-N cells, valproate increased oxidative phosphorylation (OXPHOS) gene expression, mitochondrial uncoupling and maximal respiratory capacity, while quetiapine decreased OXPHOS gene expression and respiration linked to ATP turnover, as well as decreasing..

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University of Melbourne Researchers