Journal article

Cross-sectional surveys of financial harm associated with others' drinking in 15 countries: Unequal effects on women?

Anne-Marie Laslett, Heng Jiang, Sandra Kuntsche, Oliver Stanesby, Sharon Wilsnack, Erica Sundin, Orratai Waleewong, Thomas K Greenfield, Kathryn Graham, Kim Bloomfield



INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: That physical, emotional and social problems occur not only to drinkers, but also to others they connect with, is increasingly acknowledged. Financial harms from others' drinking have been seldom studied at the population level, particularly in low- and middle-income countries. Whether financial harm and costs from others' drinking inequitably affect women is little known. The study's aim is to compare estimates and correlates of alcohol's financial harm to others than the drinker in 15 countries. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Cross-sectional surveys of Alcohol's Harm To Others (AHTO) were conducted in Australia, Brazil, Chile, Denmark, India, Ireland, Lao PDR, New Zealand, N..

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Awarded by NIAAA

Awarded by European Commission (Concerted Action)

Awarded by Australian National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC)

Awarded by U.S. National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism/National Institutes of Health

Awarded by Australian Research Council

Awarded by NHMRC

Awarded by National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism/National Institutes of Health

Funding Acknowledgements

The data used in this study are from the GENAHTO Project (Gender and Alcohol's Harm to Others), supported by NIAAA Grant No. ROl AA023870 (Alcohol's Harm to Others: Multinational Cultural Contexts and Policy Implications). GENAHTO is a collaborative international project affiliated with the Kettil Bruun Society for Social and Epidemiological Research on Alcohol and coordinated by research partners from the Alcohol Research Group, Public Health Institute (USA), University of North Dakota (USA), Aarhus University (Denmark), the Centre for Addiction and Mental Health (Canada), the Centre for Alcohol Policy Research at La Trobe University (Australia), and the Addiction Switzerland Research Institute (Switzerland). Support for aspects of the project has come from the World Health Organization (WHO), the European Commission (Concerted Action QLG4-CT-2001-0196), the Pan American Health Organization, the Thai Health Promotion Foundation (THPF), the Australian National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC Grant No. 1065610), and the U.S. National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism/National Institutes of Health (Grants R21 AA012941, RO1 AA015775, ROl AA022791, RO1 AA023870, and P50 AA005595). Support for individual country surveys was provided by government agencies and other national sources. National funds also contributed to collection of all of the data sets included in WHO projects. Study directors for the survey data sets used in this study have reviewed the study in terms of the project's objective and the accuracy and representation of their contributed data. The study directors and funding sources for data sets used in this report are as follows: Australia (Robin Room, Anne-Marie Laslett, Foundation for Alcohol Research and Education, and Australian Research Council Grant DE190100329 and NHMRC Grant 1090904)); Brazil (Maria Cristina Pereira Lima, Sao Paulo State University, Sao Paulo, Brazil); Chile (Ramon Florenzano, THPF, WHO); Denmark (Kim Bloomfield, Ulrike Grittner), India (Vivek Benegal and Girish Rao, THPF, WHO); Lao PDR (Latsamy Siengsounthone, THPF, WHO); New Zealand (Sally Casswell and Taisia Huckle, Health Research Council of New Zealand); Nigeria (Isidore Obot and Akanidomo Ibanga, THPF, WHO); Sri Lanka (Siri Hettige, THPF, WHO); Sweden (Matts Ramstedt, The Swedish Council for Information on Alcohol and Other Drugs (CAN), and the Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm); Switzerland (Gerhard Gmel and Sandra Kuntsche; Addiction Swiss Institute); Thailand (Orratai Waleewong and Jintana Janchotkaew, THPF,WHO); the United States (Thomas Greenfield and Katherine Karriker-Jaffe, National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism/National Institutes of Health (Grant No. ROl AA022791)); Vietnam (Hanh T.M.Hoang and Hanh T.M. Vu, THPF, WHO). Opinions are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect those of the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, the National Institutes of Health, the WHO, and other sponsoring institutions. (GENAHTO survey information at ect/)]