The relative importance of perceived substance misuse use by different peers on smoking, alcohol and illicit drug use in adolescence
Vanessa Er, Rona Campbell, Matthew Hickman, Chris Bonell, Laurence Moore, James White
Drug and Alcohol Dependence | ELSEVIER IRELAND LTD | Published : 2019
BACKGROUND: Substance use by young people is strongly associated with that of their peers. Little is known about the influence of different types of peers. We tested the relationship between perceived substance use by five types of peers and adolescents' use of illicit drugs, smoking, and alcohol consumption. METHODS: We used data collected from 1285 students aged 12-13 as part of a pilot cluster randomized controlled trial (United Kingdom, 2014-2016). The exposures were the perceived use of illicit drugs, smoking and alcohol consumption by best friends, boy or girlfriends, brothers or sisters, friends outside of school and online. Outcomes were self-reported lifetime use of illicit drugs, s..View full abstract
Awarded by National Institute for Health Research Public Health Research Programme
Awarded by Wellcome Trust
This work was supported by the National Institute for Health Research Public Health Research Programme (REF: 12/3060/03). The views and opinions expressed therein are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect those of the Public Health Research Programme, NIHR, NHS or the Department of Health. The work was also undertaken with the support of the British Heart Foundation, Cancer Research UK, Economic and Social Research Council, Medical Research Council, the Scottish Government Chief Scientist Office, the Welsh Government and the Wellcome Trust (MR/KO232331/1, MC_UU_12017/14 and SPHSU14). These funders had no further role in the study design; in the collection, analysis or interpretation of the data; in the writing of the manuscript; or in the decision to submit the paper for publication.