Journal article

Effects and sites of action of a M1 receptor positive allosteric modulator on colonic motility in rats and dogs compared with 5-HT4 agonism and cholinesterase inhibition

Yasuhiro Tsukimi, Ruslan V Pustovit, Andrea M Harrington, Sonia Garcia-Caraballo, Stuart M Brierley, Madeleine Di Natale, Juan C Molero, John B Furness

Neurogastroenterology & Motility | WILEY | Published : 2020


BACKGROUND: Muscarinic receptor 1 positive allosteric modulators (M1PAMs) enhance colonic propulsive contractions and defecation through the facilitation of M1 receptor (M1R)-mediated signaling. We examined M1R expression in the colons of 5 species and compared colonic propulsion and defecation caused by the M1PAM, T440, the 5-HT4 agonist, prucalopride, and the cholinesterase inhibitor, neostigmine, in rats and dogs. METHODS: M1R expression was profiled by immunostaining and in situ hybridization. In vivo studies utilized male SD rats and beagle dogs. Colonic propulsive contractions were recorded by manometry in anesthetized rats. Gut contractions in dogs were assessed using implanted force ..

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