Journal article

Latency characteristics in specific pathogen-free chickens 21 and 35 days after intra-tracheal inoculation with vaccine or field strains of infectious laryngotracheitis virus

Dulari S Thilakarathne, Carol A Hartley, Andres Diaz-Mendez, Jose A Quinteros, Omid Fakhri, Mauricio JC Coppo, Joanne M Devlin

AVIAN PATHOLOGY | TAYLOR & FRANCIS LTD | Published : 2020

Abstract

Latency is an important feature of infectious laryngotracheitis virus (ILTV) yet is poorly understood. This study aimed to compare latency characteristics of vaccine (SA2) and field (CL9) strains of ILTV, establish an in vitro reactivation system and examine ILTV infection in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) in specific pathogen-free chickens. Birds were inoculated with SA2 or CL9 ILTV and then bled and culled at 21 or 35 days post-inoculation (dpi). Swabs (conjunctiva, palatine cleft, trachea) and trigeminal ganglia (TG) were examined for ILTV DNA using PCR. Half of the TG, trachea and PBMC were co-cultivated with cell monolayers to assess in vitro reactivation of ILTV infection. I..

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