Journal article

The Proteasome Inhibitor Ixazomib Inhibits the Formation and Growth of Pulmonary and Abdominal Osteosarcoma Metastases in Mice

Michael A Harris, Mark A Miles, Tanmay M Shekhar, Carmelo Cerra, Smitha R Georgy, Stewart D Ryan, Claire M Cannon, Christine J Hawkins

CANCERS | MDPI | Published : 2020

Abstract

Osteosarcoma is the most common form of primary bone cancer. Over 20% of osteosarcoma patients present with pulmonary metastases at diagnosis, and nearly 70% of these patients fail to respond to treatment. Previous work revealed that human and canine osteosarcoma cell lines are extremely sensitive to the therapeutic proteasome inhibitor bortezomib in vitro. However, bortezomib has proven disappointingly ineffective against solid tumors including sarcomas in animal experiments and clinical trials. Poor tumor penetration has been speculated to account for the inconsistency between in vitro and in vivo responses of solid tumors to bortezomib. Here we show that the second-generation proteasome i..

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