Journal article

Whistleblowing Allegations, Audit Fees, and Internal Control Deficiencies

Yu Flora Kuang, Gladys Lee, Bo Qin

Contemporary Accounting Research | Wiley | Published : 2021


We investigate whether audit fees and auditors’ opinions on internal controls are associated with whistleblowing allegations externally filed to regulatory agencies. We find that firms subject to whistleblowing allegations have significantly higher audit fees, regardless of the substance of these allegations, whereas an auditor is more likely to issue an adverse opinion on internal controls when the allegation is substantiated, rather than frivolous. Further, our findings suggest that auditors are involved in the auditing of whistleblowing when the allegation is still in an internal stage. We also show that firms subject to external whistleblowing allegations have a lower likelihood of resta..

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