Journal article

Noise-resolution uncertainty principle in classical and quantum systems

Timur E Gureyev, Alexander Kozlov, David M Paganin, Yakov I Nesterets, Harry M Quiney

Scientific Reports | NATURE PUBLISHING GROUP | Published : 2020

Abstract

We show that the width of an arbitrary function and the width of the distribution of its values cannot be made arbitrarily small simultaneously. In the case of ergodic stochastic processes, an ensuing uncertainty relationship is then demonstrated for the product of correlation length and variance. A closely related uncertainty principle is also established for the average degree of fourth-order coherence and the spatial width of modes of bosonic quantum fields. However, it is shown that, in the case of stochastic and quantum observables, certain non-classical states with sub-Poissonian statistics, such as for example photon number squeezed states in quantum optics, can overcome the "classica..

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University of Melbourne Researchers