Modulation of the human gut microbiota by phenolics and phenolic fiber-rich foods
Yit Tao Loo, Kate Howell, Miin Chan, Pangzhen Zhang, Ken Ng
Comprehensive Reviews in Food Science and Food Safety | WILEY | Published : 2020
The gut microbiota plays a prominent role in human health. Alterations in the gut microbiota are linked to the development of chronic diseases such as obesity, inflammatory bowel disease, metabolic syndrome, and certain cancers. We know that diet plays an important role to initiate, shape, and modulate the gut microbiota. Long-term dietary patterns are shown to be closely related with the gut microbiota enterotypes, specifically long-term consumption of carbohydrates (related to Prevotella abundance) or a diet rich in protein and animal fats (correlated to Bacteroides). Short-term consumption of solely animal- or plant-based diets have rapid and reproducible modulatory effects on the human g..View full abstract
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The authors would like to acknowledge The Product Makers Pty. Ltd. (50-60 Popes Rd, Keysborough, Victoria 3173, Australia) for financial support for YT Loo PhD program, and Dr. Barry Kitchen (The Product Makers) for discussions on the content of this review.