Journal article

Modulation of the human gut microbiota by phenolics and phenolic fiber-rich foods

Yit Tao Loo, Kate Howell, Miin Chan, Pangzhen Zhang, Ken Ng

COMPREHENSIVE REVIEWS IN FOOD SCIENCE AND FOOD SAFETY | WILEY | Published : 2020

Abstract

The gut microbiota plays a prominent role in human health. Alterations in the gut microbiota are linked to the development of chronic diseases such as obesity, inflammatory bowel disease, metabolic syndrome, and certain cancers. We know that diet plays an important role to initiate, shape, and modulate the gut microbiota. Long-term dietary patterns are shown to be closely related with the gut microbiota enterotypes, specifically long-term consumption of carbohydrates (related to Prevotella abundance) or a diet rich in protein and animal fats (correlated to Bacteroides). Short-term consumption of solely animal- or plant-based diets have rapid and reproducible modulatory effects on the human g..

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