Journal article

Detection of Coxiella burnetii and equine herpesvirus 1, but not Leptospira spp. or Toxoplasma gondii, in cases of equine abortion in Australia - a 25 year retrospective study

Rumana Akter, Alistair Legione, Fiona M Sansom, Charles M El-Hage, Carol A Hartley, James R Gilkerson, Joanne M Devlin



Equine abortion is a cause of severe economic loss to the equine industry. Equine herpesvirus 1 is considered a primary cause of infectious abortion in horses, however other infectious agents can also cause abortion. Abortions due to zoonotic pathogens have implications for both human and animal health. We determined the prevalence of Coxiella burnetii, Leptospira spp. and Toxoplasma gondii in 600 aborted equine foetal tissues that were submitted to our diagnostic laboratories at the University of Melbourne from 1994 to 2019. Using qPCR we found that the prevalence of C. burnetii was 4%. The highest annual incidence of C. burnetii was observed between 1997-2003 and 2016-2018. The prevalence ..

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Awarded by AgriFutures Australia

Funding Acknowledgements

The work was funded by AgriFutures Australia through grant PRJ-011758 awarded to JMD, CME-H and AL. The funders approved this manuscript for publication but had no role in study design, data collection and analysis or preparation of the manuscript.