Journal article

The non-specific and sex-differential effects of vaccines

Peter Aaby, Christine Stabell Benn, Katie L Flanagan, Sabra L Klein, Tobias R Kollmann, David J Lynn, Frank Shann

Nature Reviews Immunology | NATURE PUBLISHING GROUP | Published : 2020

Abstract

The textbook view of vaccination is that it functions to induce immune memory of the specific pathogen components of the vaccine, leading to a quantitatively and qualitatively better response if the host is exposed to infection with the same pathogen. However, evidence accumulated over the past few decades increasingly suggests that vaccines can also have non-specific effects on unrelated infections and diseases, with important implications for childhood mortality particularly in low-income settings. Furthermore, many of these non-specific effects, as well as the pathogen-specific effects, of vaccines show differences between the sexes. Here, members of the Optimmunize consortium discuss the..

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