Book Chapter


T McNamara, A Brown, L Grove, K Hill, N Iwashita

Published : 2005


Language assessment is an institutional practice, whether it takes the form of largescaleproficiency testsor curriculum-relatedassessment.Until recentlymostpublished research in language testing has focused on proficiency tests, particularly two international tests of English for Academic Purposes (EAP), used to facilitate the admissions processes of universities in English-speaking countries: the American Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL) and the British/Australian International English Language Testing System (IELTS). The emphasis in this research is on guaranteeing the quality of the inferences about test-takers implied in test scores: This process is known as test score validat..

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