Journal article

Associations between area socioeconomic status, individual mental health, physical activity, diet and change in cardiometabolic risk amongst a cohort of Australian adults: A longitudinal path analysis

Suzanne J Carroll, Michael J Dale, Theophile Niyonsenga, Anne W Taylor, Mark Daniel

PLoS One | PUBLIC LIBRARY SCIENCE | Published : 2020

Abstract

Presumed pathways from environments to cardiometabolic risk largely implicate health behaviour although mental health may play a role. Few studies assess relationships between these factors. This study estimated associations between area socioeconomic status (SES), mental health, diet, physical activity, and 10-year change in glycosylated haemoglobin (HbA1c), comparing two proposed path structures: 1) mental health and behaviour functioning as parallel mediators between area SES and HbA1c; and 2) a sequential structure where mental health influences behaviour and consequently HbA1c. Three waves (10 years) of population-based biomedical cohort data were spatially linked to census data based o..

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Grants

Awarded by National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC)


Funding Acknowledgements

MD received funding from National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC, https://www.nhmrc.gov.au/) grants (#570150 and #631917). The NHMRC had no involvement with study design, data collection, analysis and interpretation of results, writing this manuscript or choice of journal.