Journal article

Enhancing the antigenicity and immunogenicity of monomeric forms of hepatitis C virus E2 for use as a preventive vaccine

Rob J Center, Irene Boo, Lilian Phu, Joey McGregor, Pantelis Poumbourios, Heidi E Drummer

JOURNAL OF BIOLOGICAL CHEMISTRY | AMER SOC BIOCHEMISTRY MOLECULAR BIOLOGY INC | Published : 2020

Abstract

The E2 glycoprotein of hepatitis C virus (HCV) is the major target of broadly neutralizing antibodies (bNAbs) that are critical for the efficacy of a prophylactic HCV vaccine. We previously showed that a cell culture-derived, disulfide-linked high-molecular-weight (HMW) form of the E2 receptor-binding domain lacking three variable regions, Δ123-HMW, elicits broad neutralizing activity against the seven major genotypes of HCV. A limitation to the use of this antigen is that it is produced only at low yields and does not have a homogeneous composition. Here, we employed a sequential reduction and oxidation strategy to efficiently refold two high-yielding monomeric E2 species, D123 and a disulf..

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