Journal article

Theories of motivation: Integration and ways forward

John Hattie, Flaviu A Hodis, Sean HK Kang

CONTEMPORARY EDUCATIONAL PSYCHOLOGY | ACADEMIC PRESS INC ELSEVIER SCIENCE | Published : 2020

Abstract

Motivation is fundamental to human agency and volitional behavior, and several influential theories have been proposed to explain why individuals choose or persist in a course of action (over others). New terms and concepts have proliferated as the theoretical models aim to be comprehensive, at the expense of parsimony. The theoretical models covered in this special issue each have their unique aspects and contributions, but four major dimensions cut across them: person factors comprising self (expectations, self-efficacy), social (modeling, comparisons), and cognitive aspects (self-regulation); task values; goals; and perceived costs and benefits. Motivation is determined by a complex inter..

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Grants

Awarded by Science of Learning Research Center, a Special Research Institute of the Australian Research Council


Funding Acknowledgements

This paper prepared under a grant from the Science of Learning Research Center, a Special Research Institute of the Australian Research Council. Project Number SR120300015.