Journal article

The Incremental Validity of Average State Self-Reports Over Global Self-Reports of Personality

Katherine M Finnigan, Simine Vazire

Journal of Personality and Social Psychology | AMER PSYCHOLOGICAL ASSOC | Published : 2018


Personality traits are most often assessed using global self-reports of one's general patterns of thoughts, feelings, and behavior. However, recent theories have challenged the idea that global self-reports are the best way to assess traits. Whole Trait Theory postulates that repeated measures of a person's self-reported personality states (i.e., the average of many state self-reports) can be an alternative and potentially superior way of measuring a person's trait level (Fleeson & Jayawickreme, 2015). Our goal is to examine the validity of average state self-reports of personality for measuring between-person differences in what people are typically like. In order to validate average states..

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Awarded by John Templeton Foundation

Awarded by National Science Foundation

Funding Acknowledgements

The preparation of this article was supported by a grant from the John Templeton Foundation to Matthias Mehl (44245) and two grants from the National Science Foundation to Simine Vazire (BCS-1025330, BCS-1125553). A portion of these findings was presented at the biennial World Conference on Personality in Buzios, Brazil, March 31-April 4, 2016. We thank Wiebke Bleidorn, Katie Corker, Jon Helm, and Ted Schwaba for their help with the structural equation modeling analyses. We also thank Rick Robins for his comments on a draft of this article.