Energy-dense vs routine enteral nutrition in New Zealand Europeans, Maori, and Pacific Peoples who are critically ill
Alice L Reid, Marianne J Chapman, Sandra L Peake, Rinaldo Bellomo, Andrew Davies, Adam M Deane, Michael Horowitz, Sally Hurford, Kylie Lange, Lorraine Little, Diane Mackle, Stephanie N O'Connor, Jeffrey J Presneill, Emma J Ridley, Patricia J Williams, Paul J Young
The New Zealand Medical Journal | NEW ZEALAND MEDICAL ASSOC | Published : 2020
AIMS: To evaluate the effect of energy-dense vs routine enteral nutrition on day-90 mortality by ethnic group in critically ill adults. METHODS: Pre-planned subgroup analysis of the 1,257 New Zealanders in a 4,000-participant randomised trial comparing energy-dense enteral nutrition (1.5kcal/mL) with routine enteral nutrition (1kcal/mL) in mechanically ventilated intensive care unit (ICU) patients. The primary purpose of this analysis was to evaluate responses to study treatment by ethnic group (European, Māori, and Pacific Peoples) using ethnicity data recorded in the clinical records. The secondary purpose was to compare the characteristics and outcomes of patients by ethnic group. The pri..View full abstract
Supported by research grants from the Health Research Council of New Zealand and the National Health and Medical Council of Australia, and endorsed by the Australian and New Zealand Intensive Care Society. In-kind support was provided by Fresenius Kabi Deutschland for the supply and delivery of study enteral nutrition.