Seeing red: an analysis of archeological hematite in east central Missouri
Daniel E Pierce, Patti J Wright, Rachel S Popelka-Filcoff
Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences | SPRINGER HEIDELBERG | Published : 2020
Ceramic and chert artifacts constitute the main evidence for understanding trade and cultural dynamics in prehistoric eastern Missouri. But despite its relative ubiquity, hematite, most often characterized as ochre, has rarely been considered for such research. To partially fill the void, neutron activation analysis (NAA) was utilized to analyze collections of hematite artifacts excavated from the Truman Road Site (n = 31) and other nearby sites (n = 7) in the lower Missouri River valley. Our results indicate no significant temporal or spatial patterning of its usage or acquisition. Similarly, low correlation exists between the chemistry and artifact type. Furthermore, the assemblage is comp..View full abstract
Awarded by National Science Foundation
This work was supported in part under a grant from the National Science Foundation (#1415403) to the Archaeometry Laboratory at MURR and funds from the University of Missouri-St. Louis.