Effects of paracetamol (acetaminophen) on gene expression and permeability properties of the rat placenta and fetal brain.
Liam M Koehn, Yifan Huang, Mark D Habgood, Kai Kysenius, Peter J Crouch, Katarzyna M Dziegielewska, Norman R Saunders
F1000Res | Published : 2020
Background: Paracetamol (acetaminophen) is widely used in pregnancy and generally regarded as "safe" by regulatory authorities. Methods: Clinically relevant doses of paracetamol were administered intraperitoneally to pregnant rats twice daily from embryonic day E15 to 19 (chronic) or as a single dose at E19 (acute). Control samples were from un-treated age-matched animals. At E19, rats were anaesthetised, administered a final paracetamol dose, uteruses were opened and fetuses exposed for sample collection. For RNA sequencing, placentas and fetal brains were removed and flash frozen. Fetal and maternal plasma and cerebrospinal fluid were assayed for α-fetoprotein and interleukin 1β (IL1β). Br..View full abstract