Journal article

On the non-invariance of span and immersion co-dimension for manifolds

Diarmuid Crowley, Peter Zvengrowski

Archivum Mathematicum | Masarykova Universita | Published : 2008


In this note we give examples in every dimension $m \ge 9$ of piecewise linearly homeomorphic, closed, connected, smooth $m$-manifolds which admit two smoothness structures with differing spans, stable spans, and immersion co-dimensions. In dimension $15$ the examples include the total spaces of certain $7$-sphere bundles over $S^8$. The construction of such manifolds is based on the topological variance of the second Pontrjagin class: a fact which goes back to Milnor and which was used by Roitberg to give examples of span variation in dimensions $m \ge 18$. We also show that span does not vary for piecewise linearly homeomorphic smooth manifol..

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University of Melbourne Researchers