Journal article

Evaluation of causality between ADHD and Parkinson's disease: Mendelian randomization study

Gloria Hoi-Yee Li, Grace Mengqin Ge, Ching-Lung Cheung, Patrick Ip, David Coghill, Ian Chi-Kei Wong



In a retrospective cohort study, patients with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and psychostimulant prescription were associated with increased risk of Parkinson's disease (PD). It is unclear whether ADHD per se or psychostimulant prescription is associated with PD. We aim to determine if genetic correlation or/and causal association exists between ADHD and PD using summary statistics obtained from the largest meta-analysis of genome-wide association studies of ADHD (20,183 cases; 35,191 controls) and PD (26,421 cases; 442,271 controls). Genetic correlation was tested between ADHD and PD by linkage disequilibrium score regression. Causal estimate was assessed by inverse-varian..

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