Thymic development of unconventional T cells: how NKT cells, MAIT cells and gamma delta T cells emerge
Daniel G Pellicci, Hui-Fern Koay, Stuart P Berzins
Nature Reviews Immunology | NATURE PUBLISHING GROUP | Published : 2020
T cell lineages are defined by specialized functions and differential expression of surface antigens, cytokines and transcription factors. Conventional CD4+ and CD8+ T cells are the best studied of the T cell subsets, but 'unconventional' T cells have emerged as being more abundant and influential than has previously been appreciated. Key subsets of unconventional T cells include natural killer T (NKT) cells, mucosal-associated invariant T (MAIT) cells and γδ T cells; collectively, these make up ~10% of circulating T cells, and often they are the majority of T cells in tissues such as the liver and gut mucosa. Defects and deficiencies in unconventional T cells are associated with autoimmunit..View full abstract
Awarded by National Health and Medical Research Council of Australia (NHMRC)
Awarded by NHMRC ECF Fellowship
D.G.P. is supported by a CSL Centenary Fellowship and by National Health and Medical Research Council of Australia (NHMRC) project grants (1145373,1140126 and 1122890). H.-F.K. is supported by an NHMRC ECF Fellowship (1160333), and S.P.B. is supported by a Dorevitch Cancer Research Fellowship.