Journal article

Incidence of acute rheumatic fever and rheumatic heart disease in Melbourne, Australia from 1937 to 2013

Jane Oliver, Joshua Osowicki, Billie Cordell, Myra Hardy, Daniel Engelman, Andrew C Steer

Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health | WILEY | Published : 2020

Abstract

AIM: Acute rheumatic fever (ARF) most commonly presents in children aged 5-14 years old. Lifelong rheumatic heart disease (RHD) can result. This study investigated time trends in ARF and RHD using inpatient data from the Royal Children's Hospital, Melbourne (RCH). METHODS: A retrospective cohort study covering the period 1937-2013 was conducted using records from RCH, a quaternary paediatric hospital in Melbourne, Victoria, Australia. Patient data were identified using RCH classification of diseases coding for ARF or RHD for years <1952. For the period 1952-1987, this system was used in addition to identifying International Classification of Disease (ICD) discharge codes that corresponded to..

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