Journal article

Influenza With and Without Fever: Clinical Predictors and Impact on Outcomes in Patients Requiring Hospitalization

Benjamin J Smith, David J Price, Douglas Johnson, Bruce Garbutt, Michelle Thompson, Louis B Irving, Mark Putland, Steven YC Tong

Open Forum Infectious Diseases | OXFORD UNIV PRESS INC | Published : 2020

Abstract

Background: The Infectious Diseases Society of America influenza guidelines no longer require fever as part of their influenza case definition in patients requiring hospitalization. However, the impact of fever or lack of fever on clinical decision-making and patient outcomes has not been studied. Methods: We conducted a retrospective review of adult patients admitted to our tertiary health service between April 2016 and June 2019 with laboratory-confirmed influenza, with and without fever (≥37.8ºC). Patient demographics, presenting features, and outcomes were analyzed using Pearson's chi-square test, the Wilcoxon rank-sum test, and logistic regression. Results: Of 578 influenza inpatients, ..

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Grants

Awarded by Australian National Health and Medical Research Council


Funding Acknowledgements

S.Y.C.T. was supported by an Australian National Health and Medical Research Council Career Development Fellowship (#1145033).