Delinquency, Arrest and Early School Leaving*
Shannon Ward, Jenny Williams, Jan C van Ours
OXFORD BULLETIN OF ECONOMICS AND STATISTICS | WILEY | Published : 2020
Boys typically initiate delinquent behaviour during their teenage years, and many go on to be arrested. We show that engaging in delinquency and being arrested in youth are each associated with early school leaving. The effect of delinquency on school leaving is largely driven by crimes that produce a monetary return, and the increase in school leaving is greater when onset of these types of crime, and arrest, occur at younger ages. The sizeable impact of delinquency on school leaving highlights the need for crime prevention efforts to extend beyond youth who come into contact with the justice system.
The authors are grateful to the Department of Economics, University of Melbourne for supporting this research. We thank Stephen Machin, Olivier Marie, Sarmistha Pal and other participants in the Surrey-UGPN Conference on Youth Crime and Public Policy Interventions 2017, Kevin Staub and two anonymous referees for helpful feedback on this research.