Journal article

Non-Standard Employment and Wage Growth in Australia

Inga Lass, Mark Wooden

Australian Economic Review | Wiley | Published : 2020


Using data from the Household, Income and Labour Dynamics in Australia (HILDA) Survey, and after restricting attention to employees, we observe an increase over time in the non‐standard employment share, all of which is concentrated in the period since 2009. Further, we find clear evidence that employees in non‐standard forms of employment have experienced relatively low rates of growth in hourly wages when compared with permanent full‐time employees. Nevertheless, decomposition analysis suggests that changes in workforce composition by employment type have had a very small (and insignificant) impact on the overall rate of wage growth in recent years.


Awarded by Australian Research Council

Funding Acknowledgements

Lass: Federal Institute for Population Research, Wiesbaden, Germany; Wooden, Melbourne Institute of Applied Economic and Social Research, University of Melbourne, Victoria, Australia. Corresponding author: Wooden, email<>. A longer version of this paper was first presented at the 2019 Reserve Bank of Australia Conference, Sydney, 4-5 April 2019. It uses unit record data from Release 17 of the Household, Income and Labour Dynamics in Australia (HILDA) Survey (doi: 10.26193/PTKLYP). The HILDA Survey is conducted by the Melbourne Institute of Applied Economic and Social Research on behalf of the Australian Government Department of Social Services (DSS). The findings and views reported in this paper, however, are those of the authors and should not be attributed to the Australian Government, DSS or the Melbourne Institute. Further, this research was supported under the Australian Research Council's Discovery Projects funding scheme (project #DP160103171).