Cell death in chronic inflammation: breaking the cycle to treat rheumatic disease
Holly Anderton, Ian P Wicks, John Silke
Nature Reviews Rheumatology | NATURE RESEARCH | Published : 2020
Cell death is a vital process that occurs in billions of cells in the human body every day. This process helps maintain tissue homeostasis, supports recovery from acute injury, deals with infection and regulates immunity. Cell death can also provoke inflammatory responses, and lytic forms of cell death can incite inflammation. Loss of cell membrane integrity leads to the uncontrolled release of damage-associated molecular patterns (DAMPs), which are normally sequestered inside cells. Such DAMPs increase local inflammation and promote the production of cytokines and chemokines that modulate the innate immune response. Cell death can be both a consequence and a cause of inflammation, which can..View full abstract
Awarded by National Health and Medical Research Council of Australia
The work of the authors is supported by the Walter and Eliza Hall Institute of Medical Research Indigenous Fund; Reid Charitable Trusts, the National Health and Medical Research Council of Australia (fellowships 1107149 to J.S. and 1023407 to I.P.W.); and the Victorian State Government (Operational Infrastructure Grant).