How Valid is the Question of Fear of a Partner in Identifying Intimate Partner Abuse? A Cross-Sectional Analysis of Four Studies
Marcos Signorelli, Angela Taft, Deirdre Gartland, Leesa Hooker, Christine McKee, Harriet MacMillan, Stephanie Brown, Kelsey Hegarty
JOURNAL OF INTERPERSONAL VIOLENCE | SAGE PUBLICATIONS INC | Published : 2020
Intimate partner abuse (IPA) affects women's health, requiring accurate questions to identify the abuse. We investigated the accuracy of three questions about fear of an intimate partner in identifying exposure to IPA. We compared the sensitivity and specificity of these questions with the Composite Abuse Scale (CAS) using secondary data analysis of four existing studies. All studies recruited adult women from clinical settings, with sample sizes ranging from 1,257 to 5,871. We examined associations between demographic factors and fear through multivariate logistic regression, and analysis of the sensitivity and specificity of the questions about fear and IPA (CAS), generating a receiver ope..View full abstract
The author(s) disclosed receipt of the following financial support for the research, authorship, and/or publication of this article: Study 1 was funded by a grant from the Ontario Women's Health Council (Ontario Ministry of Health and Long-Term Care), whose work was taken on by Echo: Improving Women's Health in Ontario, an agency of the Ontario Ministry of Health and Long-Term Care. Study 2 was funded by the Department of Health, Housing and Community Services, Canberra, Australia through the General Practice Evaluation Program. Study 3 was funded by the Australian Research Council, the Office for Women, Victorian State Government and the Victorian Health Promotion Foundation. Study 4 was funded by the National Health and Medical Research Council of Australia and a VicHealth Public Health Research Fellowship; The Murdoch Children's Research Institute research is supported by the Victorian Government's Operational Infrastructure Program. Sponsors had no role in the design, collection, analysis, or interpretation of data. All authors have independent roles from the funders.