Partial-volume modeling reveals reduced gray matter in specific thalamic nuclei early in the time course of psychosis and chronic schizophrenia.
Yasser Alemán-Gómez, Elena Najdenovska, Timo Roine, Mário João Fartaria, Erick J Canales-Rodríguez, Zita Rovó, Patric Hagmann, Philippe Conus, Kim Q Do, Paul Klauser, Pascal Steullet, Philipp S Baumann, Meritxell Bach Cuadra
Human Brain Mapping | Published : 2020
The structural complexity of the thalamus, due to its mixed composition of gray and white matter, make it challenging to disjoint and quantify each tissue contribution to the thalamic anatomy. This work promotes the use of partial-volume-based over probabilistic-based tissue segmentation approaches to better capture thalamic gray matter differences between patients at different stages of psychosis (early and chronic) and healthy controls. The study was performed on a cohort of 23 patients with schizophrenia, 41 with early psychosis and 69 age and sex-matched healthy subjects. Six tissue segmentation approaches were employed to obtain the gray matter concentration/probability images. The stat..View full abstract