How Does Mental Health Impact Women's Heart Health?
Adrienne O'Neil, Josephine D Russell, Barbara Murphy
Heart, Lung and Circulation | Published : 2020
From adolescence until old age, women are more vulnerable to common mental disorders (CMDs; depression and anxiety) than men at all stages of the life course. By middle age, women who have clinical depression are at twice the risk of having an incident cardiovascular disease (CVD) than those without. This has important implications for the way we prevent, identify and treat both CMDs and coronary heart disease in women. In this paper, we discuss the various genetic, biological, ethnic/racial, and psychological pathways by which women's vulnerability to CMDs elevate their CVD risk and recovery from a cardiac event. We review the evidence from trials that have, to date, failed to show that tre..View full abstract