Low level primary blast injury in rodent brain.
Pamela BL Pun, Enci Mary Kan, Agus Salim, Zhaohui Li, Kian Chye Ng, Shabbir M Moochhala, Eng-Ang Ling, Mui Hong Tan, Jia Lu
Frontiers in Neurology | Published : 2011
The incidence of blast attacks and resulting traumatic brain injuries has been on the rise in recent years. Primary blast is one of the mechanisms in which the blast wave can cause injury to the brain. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of a single sub-lethal blast over pressure (BOP) exposure of either 48.9 kPa (7.1 psi) or 77.3 kPa (11.3 psi) to rodents in an open-field setting. Brain tissue from these rats was harvested for microarray and histopathological analyses. Gross histopathology of the brains showed that cortical neurons were "darkened" and shrunken with narrowed vasculature in the cerebral cortex day 1 after blast with signs of recovery at day 4 and day 7 after ..View full abstract