Risk Factors for Chronic Opioid Use Following Hip and Knee Arthroplasty: Evidence from New Zealand Population Data
Yana Pryymachenko, Ross A Wilson, J Haxby Abbott, Michelle M Dowsey, Peter FM Choong
JOURNAL OF ARTHROPLASTY | CHURCHILL LIVINGSTONE INC MEDICAL PUBLISHERS | Published : 2020
BACKGROUND: Patients awaiting total joint arthroplasty (TJA) have high rates of opioid use, and many continue to use opioid medications long term after surgery. The objective of this study is to estimate the risk factors associated with chronic opioid use after TJA in a comprehensive population-based cohort. METHODS: All patients undergoing TJA in the New Zealand public healthcare system were identified from Ministry of Health records. Dispensing of opioid medications up to 3 years postsurgery and potential risk factors, including demographic, socioeconomic, and surgery-related characteristics, pre-existing medical comorbidities, and use of other analgesic medications prior to surgery, were ..View full abstract
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Awarded by Otago Medical Research Foundation, New Zealand
This work was funded by a grant from the Otago Medical Research Foundation, New Zealand (JT382). The funding agency played no role in study design, conduct, interpretation, manuscript preparation, or the decision to submit for publication.