Journal article

Risk Factors for Chronic Opioid Use Following Hip and Knee Arthroplasty: Evidence from New Zealand Population Data

Yana Pryymachenko, Ross A Wilson, J Haxby Abbott, Michelle M Dowsey, Peter FM Choong

JOURNAL OF ARTHROPLASTY | CHURCHILL LIVINGSTONE INC MEDICAL PUBLISHERS | Published : 2020

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Patients awaiting total joint arthroplasty (TJA) have high rates of opioid use, and many continue to use opioid medications long term after surgery. The objective of this study is to estimate the risk factors associated with chronic opioid use after TJA in a comprehensive population-based cohort. METHODS: All patients undergoing TJA in the New Zealand public healthcare system were identified from Ministry of Health records. Dispensing of opioid medications up to 3 years postsurgery and potential risk factors, including demographic, socioeconomic, and surgery-related characteristics, pre-existing medical comorbidities, and use of other analgesic medications prior to surgery, were ..

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