Journal article

Associations between the traditional and novel neighbourhood built environment metrics and weight status among Canadian men and women

Vikram Nichani, Mohammad Javad Koohsari, Koichiro Oka, Tomoki Nakaya, Ai Shibata, Kaori Ishii, Akitomo Yasunaga, Liam Turley, Gavin R McCormack

Canadian Journal of Public Health | SPRINGER INTERNATIONAL PUBLISHING AG | Published : 2020

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: Neighbourhood characteristics can impact the health of residents. This study investigated associations between objectively derived neighbourhood characteristics, including novel space syntax metrics, and self-reported body mass index (BMI) among Canadian men and women. METHODS: Our study included survey data collected from a random cross-section of adults residing in Calgary, Alberta (n = 1718). The survey, conducted in 2007/2008, captured participants' socio-demographic characteristics, health, and weight status (BMI). Participants' household postal codes were geocoded and 1600-m line-based network buffers estimated. Using a geographical information system, we estimated neighbou..

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Grants

Awarded by CIHR Foundations Scheme Grant


Funding Acknowledgements

The original data collection for this study was part of the EcoEUFORIA project funded by the Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR; PI Dr. Alan Shiell). An O'Brien Institute of Public Health Postdoctoral Scholarship and a Cumming School of Medicine Postdoctoral Scholarship (University of Calgary) supported VN. GRM is supported by a CIHR Foundations Scheme Grant (MSH-130162).