Journal article

The evolution of policy instruments used in water, land and environmental governances in Victoria, Australia from 1860–2016

R Werdiningtyas, Y Wei, AW Western

Environmental Science & Policy | Elsevier | Published : 2020


Debate continues regarding which policy instrument should be used to ensure land, water, and environmental governance that promotes the sustainability of social-ecological systems (SESs). Policy instruments and Social Ecological Systems have played important roles in the theoretical development of natural resource governance systems. They, however, have been considered in isolation from one another. This study aims to bridge between the two by interpreting policy instruments as rules of interaction in a social-ecological system. Specifically, a longitudinal study on Victorian Acts was conducted to understand how policy instruments for land, water, and environmental governances adopted from 1..

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University of Melbourne Researchers


Awarded by Australian Research Council

Funding Acknowledgements

This work was funded by the Commonwealth of Australia under the Australia Awards Scholarship and was partly supported through the Australian Research Council Future Fellowship Program (FT130100274).