Youth diet quality and hazard of mood disorder in adolescence and adulthood among an Australian cohort.
JE Wilson, L Blizzard, SL Gall, CG Magnussen, WH Oddy, T Dwyer, AJ Venn, KJ Smith
Journal of Affective Disorders | Published : 2020
BACKGROUND: Prospective studies on youth diet and mood disorders outcomes are limited. We examined if youth diet quality was associated with mood disorder onset over a 25-year follow-up period. METHODS: In 1985, Australian participants (aged 10-15 years) completed a 24-hour food record. A validated 100-point Dietary Guidelines Index (DGI) assessed diet quality. In 2009-11, 1005 participants (aged 33-41 years) completed the lifetime Composite International Diagnostic Interview for age of first DSM-IV defined mood disorder (depression or dysthymia). Cox proportional hazards regression estimated hazard of mood disorder during the 25-year follow-up according to baseline DGI score. Sensitivity an..View full abstract