Key Principles for Managing Recovery of Kelp Forests through Restoration
Rebecca L Morris, Robin Hale, Elisabeth MA Strain, Simon E Reeves, Adriana Verges, Ezequiel M Marzinelli, Cayne Layton, Victor Shelamoff, Tristan DJ Graham, Mathilde Chevalier, Stephen E Swearer
BioScience | OXFORD UNIV PRESS | Published : 2020
Abstract There is increasing interest in mitigating the loss of kelp forests through restoration, but this has received scant attention relative to other coastal habitats. We evaluate current knowledge centered on key restoration principles to provide guidelines for best practice in kelp restoration. The cause and scale of degradation is fundamental in determining if kelp can be restored and the methods required to promote reestablishment. Removal of stressors may be adequate to achieve restoration goals where degradation is not too widespread or acute. Extensive losses of kelp forests will often require active reseeding of areas because of the low dispersal ability of many ke..View full abstract
Awarded by Australian Research Council
We thank Daniel Reed and three anonymous reviewers for their valuable comments on drafts of the manuscript. The National Centre for Coasts and Climate is funded through The Earth Systems and Climate Change Hub by the Australian Government's National Environmental Science Program. Contributions from AV and EMM were supported by the Australian Research Council (grant no. LP160100836).